Knee Ligament Injuries: ACL and MCL Tears
- Painful snap in knee at time of injury
- Knee pain
- Swelling in and around the knee
What is a Knee Ligament Injury: ACL and MCL Tear?
The Anterior Cruciate and Medial Collateral Ligaments (ACL and MCL) cross the knee joint to attach the tibia (shinbone) to the femur (thighbone). These ligaments help to stabilize and protect the knee by preventing back- and-forth and side-to-side motions of the bones while allowing the movements necessary for walking, running, and jumping. ACL injuries occur most frequently from shear forces caused by pivoting or changing directions quickly or other sports injuries. The MCL is most often injured from a direct blow to the outside of the knee, usually while playing sports. Ligament injuries in the knee are common, vary in severity, and may include injury to multiple ligaments at the same time. Depending upon the severity of ligamentous injury, the knee may become very unstable and require surgical repair. Our teams of specialists use specialized imaging to diagnose the severity of injury and determine the most effective, least invasive specialized treatment option for you.
Leah – ACL Repair CMC
Soccer Mom – Minimally Invasive ACL Repair
Depending on the severity and location of injury, knee ligaments may respond well to non-surgical treatments such as resting, icing, wearing a knee brace, taking anti-inflammatories, physical therapy, and/or cortisone injections. While non-surgical treatment can relieve mild cases of the condition, surgery may be necessary if it continues to worsen.
One or more small incisions are made at the site of injury. Depending on the location, severity, and type of ligamentous injury, the surgeon will use stitches, metal screws, or bone staples to reattach the torn ligament back to its proper location on the bone or to sew the torn ligament back together. The minimally invasive methods performed by our surgeons at Orthopaedic Specialists along with the customized physical therapy treatment plans allow our patients to experience faster pain relief, shorter recovery times, and minimal scarring.